Firuz Ağa Mosque.

Firuz Aga Mosque was built by Firuz Ağa, the treasurer of Beyazıt, between 1490 and 1491. It is a harmonious structure of the classical period with a square plan, made of cut stone, being a simple architecture. There are windows on each side of the main space, two on the bottom and one on the top. At the top of this slightly square-framed main space is a twelve-sided rim with a lead-covered dome. The architecture of the glass, especially the dome on top of the square building, is an example of Turkish architecture before the conquest of Istanbul. The mosque has undergone many destructions.

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Grand Mosque, Bursa.

The Grand Mosque of Bursa is also known as Ulu Camii ( in Turkish ) and is the largest mosque in Bursa. Commissioned by Sultan Yıldırım Bayezid I, Bursa Grand Mosque was opened in 1399 and built in the Seljuk style of architecture, consisting of both Seljuk and early Ottoman elements. The mosque’s 20 domes are arranged in four rows of five and are supported by 12 columns. The exterior of the building is made from stone. The two minarets appear to be identical, but they were built at different times. The west minaret was built as part of the original construction, while the east minaret was built later by Sultan Mehmet I in the 15th Century.

There is also a fountain inside the mosque where worshipers can perform ritual ablutions before prayer; the dome over the fountain is capped by a skylight, creating a soft light below.

The walls and pillars are decorated by a total of 192 calligraphy samples written by 41 different calligraphers, making it one of the most important collections of Islamic calligraphy in the world.



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Tophane Clock Tower.

Tophane Clock Tower also known as Nusretiye Clock Tower stands in Bursa’s old citadel near the tombs of Osman Gazi and Orhan Gazi.  First built during the reign of Sultan Abdülaziz (1861-1876), the original clock tower was destroyed.  The existing clock tower was rebuilt in 1904 and in recent years was reconstructed to its current condition.  The tower prominently looks out over the city from the edge of the cliff just inside the ruined city walls.  At night, the brightly lit clock tower shines as a beacon in Bursa’s city center.  Designed in neo-classical style, the four-sided, three-story clock tower is 15 m high.

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